Salmonella is a bacteria that has caused hysteria more than once by outbreaks making news headlines. An infection as a result of this bacteria can be serious, causing intense and widespread food poisoning. The infection can last up to an entire week and cause a whole host of unpleasant symptoms such as vomiting, headaches, cramps in the stomach and diarrhea. People usually associate this illness with chicken and eating uncooked eggs, but were you aware of the fact that salmonella is not only a foodborne bacterial infection? Here MusicSnake Magazine put together a list of top 5 shocking facts you probably didn’t know about Salmonella.

Number One: Salmonella is Contagious Via Humans

This bacteria spreads quite easily, so if you come into contact with someone that has the infection, be aware. If you’re living with someone suffering from the illness, it’s of utmost importance to wash their linens thoroughly and also to make sure bathroom is thoroughly disinfected after each use. Washing commonly touched household items is a good idea as well.

Number Two: Most Reptiles Carry This Bacteria

Not only reptiles, but amphibians as well. Lizards, snakes and turtles all carry this bacteria on their bodies, which is why it’s important to wash your hands after handling them.

Number Three: There are Two Types of Salmonella, Including Typhoid Fever

There is the commonly known type, which is the foodborne bacteria. Many people are not aware of the fact that Typhoid fever is also a strain of the bacteria, which is usually associated with bad hygiene habits and, of course, typhoid.

Number Four: Salmonella and Microwaves, a Bad Mix

You’d think that the heat a microwave provides would kill this bacteria, but that isn’t necessarily the case. Microwaves provide intensely varying degrees of heat, and uneven temperatures allow bacteria to remain.

Number Five: Zoonotic Diseases

Salmonella diseases can be spread from animals to human beings, which makes them zoonotic. This is why it’s not recommended that children under a certain age handle reptiles as pets, because they have weaker immune systems than older kids.